What is the Promotion Structure in Public Sector Banks?

Based on data given in Basic Statistical Returns, it is estimated that rural India had only 7 branches per 1,00,000 adults in 2011 in sharp contrast with most of the developed and even BRICS economies having over 40 branches. Regionally, north-eastern, eastern and central regions are more excluded in terms of banking penetration. 1.10 Many of these ‘capabilities’ might be expected to develop endogenously; but some might require policy https://1investing.in/ or regulatory intervention for increasing scale. Some aspects of the regulatory structure may (inevitably) need to be revisited to achieve multiple objectives with different costs and risk – reward tradeoffs. One of these is to assist the introduction of innovative instruments, to enable diverse types of institutions in achieving the desired objectives, through market mechanisms which price the provision of relevant services.

It is a new generation bank that was incorporated in 1994 and had a widespread banking footprint. They offer a wide range of services that includes Loans, Deposits, Accounts, microfinance, Insurance, Investments, etc. The banking system of India has the capability to influence the development of the economy.

(vii) To address issue of regulatory arbitrage, the term ‘similar activity’ should clearly be defined while advising banks that ‘similar activities’ may not be conducted both by bank and its subsidiary. (ii) Banks which are financial conglomerates and where various activities like insurance, pension, asset management, etc. are being undertaken by the group, NOFHC structure should be insisted. 18) The minimum requirement on track record of experience of promoting entity, including for a converting NBFC, may continue at 10 years for Universal banks and 5 years for SFBs, as hitherto.

  1. The key turning point was in 1993 when, as part of the broader reforms in the financial sector, fresh licences were issued for a few private sector banks as part of the new licensing policy.
  2. An NBFC/MFI/LAB converting into a SFB was required to have a minimum net worth of ₹100 crore.
  3. The study examines the relationship between governance, profit efficiency, and soundness of the Indian banking sector using the following dynamic panel regression models.
  4. (The p-value of the likelihood-ratio test is less than 0.5) (Cox, 1972; Shrivastav, 2019; Shrivastav & Ramudu, 2020.) The final output of the survival model is given in Table 7.
  5. 5.22 Investment banking3 and insurance services are provided by the universal banks as an in-house departmental activity or through subsidiary in the manner described above.
  6. For the sake of brevity, we have presented and discussed yearly mean weights/priorities corresponding to soundness dimensions here.

The Herfindahl Hirschman Index (HHI) for India is around 0.08 for both credit and deposits which indicates an unconcentrated industry. The share of five largest banks in India is one of the lowest as compared to other jurisdictions. 2.5 The banking sector has grown significantly over the years but the total balance sheet of banks in India still constitutes less than 70 per cent of the GDP, which is much less compared to global peers, particularly for a bank-dominated financial system (Chart 2.2). (iii) As the licensing is now on-tap, Reserve Bank may prepare a comprehensive document encompassing all licensing and ownership guidelines at one place, with as much as possible harmonisation and uniformity, providing clear definition of all major terms. The Indian banking domain can be classified into organized and unorganized sectors.

Promotion Structure in Banks

In addition, the linear average method eases the assumption that indicators are non-compensated. Thus, it is beneficial and appropriate to use the BoD approach to construct bank-level indices since it enables utilisation of unit-invariant data, applying idiosyncratic hierarchy in private banks in india weights and aggregating multiple dimensions simultaneously to construct a composite index (Rogge & Puyenbroeck, 2007; Puyenbroeck, 2018). Furthermore, these weights indicate the policy priorities and preferences of sampled banks concerning underlined dimensions.

22 The definitions of “substantial shareholder”, “12% controller”, “20% controller” and “indirection controller” are set out in Singapore’s Banking Act. (v) Reserve Bank should also allow reverse merger of NOFHC, if the bank does not have any other business entity and wants to do so. (vii) Lock in of should be for first 5 years to ensure promoters’ interest in the bank. 23) Banks currently under NOFHC structure may be allowed to exit from such a structure if they do not have other group entities in their fold. 5.4.4 The IWG is of the view that the provisions of the extant on-tap licensing are appropriate and do not warrant any change.

What are Asset Management Companies and How are They Related to SEBI?

The price of this output variable is computed from the ratio of income of investments to total investments. The price of non-interest income is taken as 1 since Indian banks have an almost uniform pricing structure with negligible variations for their fee-based activities. The extant literature on bank efficiency emphasises the inclusion of non-interest income in bank production technology specification since it accounts for income from fee-generating and off-balance sheet activities.

Promotion Structure in Banks: Everything You Need to Know!

In the following section, we discuss governance structures and reforms, as well as governance models across nations. A description of key governance indicators for the banking industry and across bank groups is also presented. The following section reviews the literature on bank soundness, corporate governance, and performance. We then look at indicators, ratios and dimensions of bank governance and soundness. Additionally, a discussion of governance dimensions and bank soundness is provided. We present the database, methodology, and analytical tools in the subsequent section.

5.1.10 In case the Reserve Bank finds any major shareholder (including promoter) not meeting ‘fit and proper’ criteria, at any point of time, it is statutorily empowered to restrict his voting rights to 5 per cent of the paid-up voting equity capital of the bank [under Section 12B(8)], which can be a strong check. The feedback on the Discussion Paper broadly endorsed the proposal of continuous authorisation with adequate safeguards. 2.23 At a broader level, for enabling a reasonable level playing field, there would have to be a gradual convergence in terms of the operating space and flexibility available to each segment. In terms of regulatory and prudential norms governing the banking operations, there is already a significant amount of convergence.

5.9.4 While the some of the new norms may be more relaxed, some may be tougher than the existing norms. If new rules are more relaxed, benefit should be given to existing banks, immediately. If new rules are tougher, legacy banks should also confirm to new tighter regulations, but timelines/ graduated smooth transition path should be finalized in consultation with affected banks to ensure implementation in non-disruptive manner. 5.6.10 Till such time the bank converts to a NOFHC structure, the issues relating to regulatory arbitrage and spill over risks that are sought to be addressed through the NOFHC structure may be enforced through regulations. 5.5.7 There was also a suggestion that minimum capital requirement should be reviewed every five years.

However, regardless of the titles, job descriptions tend to be consistent from one investment bank to another. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more. Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets.

It is illustrative to look into the regulatory framework for investment banks in the US and the impact of the crisis on them so as to draw appropriate lessons in the context of the future of Investment banking in India. 4.2 The United States has got a banking structure comprising both big banking institutions, hand in hand, with small community banks focusing on specific geographical areas. Small community banks form a very important segment of the US banking system, though they account for a very small share of the total banking assets of the country. These banks are closely tied to the local communities and focus on mainly ‘relationship banking’. 1.8 Part of the improved engagement is to ensure enhanced access to credit for small and medium enterprises (SMEs), which are expected to be the major contributors to future growth and employment creation. Credit to SMEs will require an innovative combination of banks, private equity, with a potential role of state in providing credit enhancement mechanisms/ solutions.

The performing advances generate the interest revenues, and their inclusion adequately represents the true production technology of a typical commercial bank. To quantify bank governance and soundness, we used two-step procedure in the present study. Step 1 involves the computation of the dimensional indices by aggregating governance and soundness norms using the linear unweighted average method (see Sections 4.1 & 4.2 for further details).

2.13 While select private banks have been able to buck the trend and have shown healthy, sustained growth over the years, they have some way to break into the global top-100. Thus, in order for the banking sector to play a greater role in the economic growth, it would be imperative for the underlying ecosystem to also change. Several policy measures taken/being taken in this direction are undoubtedly a huge positive and much will depend on how these changes play out over the coming years. 2.11 While there may be multiple reasons for the relatively small size of the banking system in India as compared to other countries, which may be a matter of separate study, it does seem that part of it has to do with the structural economic setting in which the banks operate.

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